MICROBIOLOGY DEPARTMENT

Microbiology is the branch of biology that deals with microorganism and their effects on living organism. Microbiology also include the basic roles of microbes such as bacteria, fungi, viruses and pathogenic protozoa and basic biological mechanism involving microorganism such as DNA replication or regulation of protein synthesis.

Microbiology is a broad discipline encompassing specialties which focus on analysis in microbiology laboratory for safe handling including aseptic technique, isolation of microorganism from environment, analysis of microbial growth, their enumeration and identification.

Microbiology has different branches which include; medical microbiology, industrial, microbiology i.e.; pharmaceutical, petroleum, and food e.g., and research microbiology. The equipment used in microbiology laboratory include; microscope, Petri dishes, incubator, inoculating chamber, autoclave, oven, water bath, canister, slides, spirit lamb, loop e.t.c.

Microbiology began with the development of microscope by Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. He was the first to provide proper documentation of h is observations and his descriptions and drawing include protozoans from the gut of animal and bacteria from teeth scrapings. Microbiology came into being largely through studies of bacteria. The experiment of Louis Pasteur in France, Robert Koch in Germany and other scientist in late 1800’s established the importance of microbes to humans.

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